The Evidence

For evidence in support of the case made by GAMH, see:

Cornell M, Myer, L. Moving beyond gender stereotypes. Lancet 2013;382:506.

European Commission. The state of men’s health in Europe report. 2011.

Fitzgerald M, Collumbien M, Hosegood V: “No one can ask me ‘Why do you take that stuff?'”: men’s experiences of antiretroviral treatment in South Africa. AIDS Care 2010;22:355-360.

Hawkes S., Buse K., Gender and global health: evidence, policy and inconvenient truths. Lancet 2013;381:1783-87.

Lim S, Vos T, Flaxman AD, Danaei G, Shibuya K, Adair-Rohani H, et al. A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet 2012;380:2224-60.

Mills EJ, Beyrer C, Birungi J, et al. Engaging Men in Prevention and Care for HIV/AIDS in Africa. PLoS Med 2012;9(2):e1001167.

Murray CJL, Vos T, Lozano R, Naghavi M, Flaxman AD, Michaud C, et al. Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet 2012;380:2197–2223.

Ng CJ, Tan HM, Low WY. What do Asian men consider as important masculinity attributes? Findings from the Asian Men’s Attitudes to Life Events and Sexuality (MALES) Study. Journal of Men’s Health 2008;5(4):350-5.

Payne S. How can gender equity be addressed through health systems? Denmark, Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2009.

Rehm J, Mathers C, Popova S, Thavorncharoensap M, Teerwattananon Y, Patra J. Global burden of disease and injury and economic cost attributable to alcohol use and alcohol-use disorders. Lancet 2009;373:2223–33.

Skovdal M, Campbell C, Madanhire C, Mupambireyi Z, Nyamukapa C, Gregson S. Masculinity as a barrier to men’s use of HIV services in Zimbabwe. Globalization and Health 2011;7:13.

Wang H, Dwyer-Lindgren L, Lofgren KT, Rajaratnam JK, Marcus JR, Levin-Rector A, et al. Age-specific and sex-specific mortality in 187 countries, 1970–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet 2012; 380:2071–2094.

White A, McKee M, Richardson N, de Visser R, Madsen SA, de Sousa BC. Europe’s men need their own health strategy. BMJ 2011;343:d7397.

Wilkins D, Savoye E, editors. Men’s Health Around The World: A review of policy and progress across 11 countries. Brussels: European Men’s Health Forum; 2009.


Are Men ignored in Gender Development? – Video of a discussion with Dr Sarah Hawkes, Reader in Global Health at the Institute of Global Health at UCL.